If you are considering bariatric surgery, there are many different procedures that you could choose from. Some of these are very common, whereas others are a specialized type of treatment, sometimes not even available in this country. You must learn more about different bariatric procedures in order to help you choose the one that is right for you. What you will find during your research is that all the different procedures work by focusing on one of two options:
- They restrict the content of your stomach.
- They lower how many nutrients you can absorb.
Let’s take a look at the four most common types of bariatric surgery.
This is a surgical procedure in which the top of the stomach is actually stapled. This means that the size of the stomach is basically changed. Various effects are associated with having a smaller stomach. The most important one is that it leads to people feeling fuller sooner. This means people are unable to eat as much food, thereby also lowering their overall calorie intake, leading to weight loss.
Then, there is the gastric bypass, which is reasonably similar. It is also known as the Roux-en-Y GB, and different specialists have different preferred techniques to complete the procedure. Essentially, it means that the stomach is divided into two different compartments. As a result, around 95% less ‘storage space’ is available. Food only enters the tiny stomach and goes directly into the upper intestine from there.
This technique is also known as BDP and is one of the least common types of gastric surgery. It involves bypassing about half of the intestine by slicing it and then rejoining it to the ileum a few feet above the large intestine.
Finally, there is the lap band, which is quickly becoming one of the most popular options. Basically, it reduces the volume of the stomach. It is popular because it is effective, convenient and very safe. The lap band itself was created by Allergan and is an inflatable device that is wrapped around the intestine and the stomach.
Most bariatric surgery procedures are performed laparoscopically. This means that only a small incision is made through which a tube with camera and light is inserted. The doctor is then able to use the camera to see what they are doing. Laparoscopic procedures have fewer complications, including bleeding and infections. Recovery is also much quicker.
Regardless of the type of bariatric surgery you believe is most suitable for you, you must first consult with a surgeon to find out whether or not you are suitable. They will discuss the procedures in greater detail with you, as well as highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of the procedure. In so doing, you will be empowered to make an informed decision. It is also vital that you follow the advice of your surgeon in terms of pre- and post-operative care, which will include diet and exercise.